Sustainable Agricultural Development: Recent Approaches in Resources Management and Environmentally-Balanced Production Enhancement
Co-edited by Mohamed Behnassi, Shahid A. Shabbir and Joyce D’silva. Published by Springer, 2011.
DESCRIPTION AND PURPOSE OF THE WORK
Most of the developing countries are situated in water scarce region, where water resources are fully exploited and non renewable resources are being rapidly depleted. This necessitates the use of marginal water resources (saline and brackish) and lands for agriculture production. Under these poor conditions the resources cannot be fully exploited to their original production capacity to support sustainable agriculture to meet the present and burgeoning population’s food demands on a long term basis. This requires understanding of resource capacity to formulate management options to increase resource quality for better crop production. Climate change will further affect rainfall amounts, frequency and patterns, and duration (rainfall becomes less reliable). The Green house effect (GHE) is likely to increase evapotranspiration, thus crop water demand will definitely be increased, leading to ultimate change in cropping patterns and yield declines. Immediate impacts will be on dry land farming in Africa, specifically in Ethiopia where less than one per cent of total cultivated lands are irrigated and the rest of cultivation is rain-fed, therefore, dry areas are likely to even get drier and too hot for certain crops. By 2020, yields from rain-fed agriculture in some African countries are projected to reduce by up to 50 percent; thus increasing food insecurity and hunger; and 75 to 250 million peoples are predicted to be exposed to water stress due to climate change. Sustainable agriculture should be taken as an eco-system approach, where soil–water–plants–environment-living beings live in harmony with a well balanced equilibrium of food chains and their related energy balances. It is essential that innovative technologies are used to ensure sustainable agriculture and productivity using, modern irrigation systems, improved varieties, improved soil quality, and conserving the environment using resource conservation technologies (RCT).
In the livestock sector, there are dual problems: livestock contribute nearly a fifth of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and may also be among the first to suffer from the effects of climate change, as recent droughts in sub-Saharan Africa have shown. One solution is to increase the productivity of farm animals, yet this cannot be proposed in isolation. The vast majority of broiler (meat) chickens and dairy cows now suffer severe health and welfare stresses due to selective breeding for higher productivity and yield. There is a case for the developed world to reduce consumption of animal products according to a contraction and convergence model, which would allow for developing countries to increase consumption to an agreed sustainable level.
The Book not only raises the serious ethical and social issues underlying these huge environmental problems but also aims to present success stories from all over the world to help researchers to conduct R & activities based on the results presented, and also help transfer of established technologies/results to different countries where similar agro-climatic conditions may exist, saving precious resources and helping to achieve sustainable agriculture and increased crop production.
The Book differs from the already published books in following ways:
- It covers a range of topics related to sustainable agriculture, resource management and conservation, climate change by giving live examples from around the world as envisaged from participation to Agadir Conference.
- Most topics are covered from water scarce countries where food security is a major issue. Most of these countries are from Third world. Some examples are from developed countries.
- A way forward for transfer of technology to similar areas of the world.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- TABLE OF CONTENTS
- PREFACE (Shahid A. Shabbir, Joyce D’Silva, and Mohamed Behnassi)
PART I: SUSTAINABLE USE OF LAND RESOURCES AS A POTENTIAL FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Chapter 1- Land Resource Governance from a Sustainability and Rural Development Perspective
Mohamed Behnassi and Sanni Yaya
Chapter 2- Land-Grabbing and Potential Implications for World Food Security
Chapter 3- Turning Adversity into Advantage for Food Security Through Improving Soil Quality and Providing Production Systems for Marginal Saline Lands: ICBA Perspectives and Approach
Shabbir A. Shahid, Faisal K. Taha, Shoaib Ismail, Abdullah Dakheel, and Mahmoud Abdelfattah
Chapter 4-Reforestation - Quality Improvement of Contaminated Mining Soil
Olaf Pollmann and Leon van Rensburg
Chapter 5-The Zooecological Remediation of Technogen Faulted Soil in Industrial Region of Ukraine Steppe Zone
Yuriy Kul’bachko, Iryna Loza, Olexandr Pakhomov, Oleg Didur
Chapter 6-Development of New Technological Approach to Mitigate Salinization
Maybelle Gaballah, Mostafa Rady, Abu Bakr Mahmoud Gomaa, and Magdy Abdel Hameid
Chapter 7-A policy framework for Sustainable Utilisation of Farmland for Waterberg District Municipality in South Africa
Charles Nhemachena, James Chakwizira, Mac Mashiri, and Sipho Dube
PART II : SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESOURCES AS A PREREQUISITE FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT
Chapter 8- Sustainable Rural Development and Participatory Approach by On-Farm Water Management Techniques
Ijaz Rasool Noorka
Chapter 9-Sustainable Water Management for Irrigated Rice Production
Chapter 10-Reduction of Water Losses by Use of Alternative Irrigation Techniques in the Aral Sea Drainage Basin
Rebecka Törnqvist and Jerker Jarsjö
PART III: RECENT INNOVATIVE PROCESSES IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
Chapter 11- Use of Surface Modified Inorganic Nano Materials as Slow Release Nitrogen Fertilizer
Bhardwaj Deepesh and Radha Tomar
Chapter 12- Organic Fertilizer Use in Northeastern Thailand: An Analysis of Some Factors Affecting Farmers’ Attitudes
Seksak Chouichom and Masahiro Yamao
Chapter 13-Imitating Nature to Enrich Waste with New Values and Use it as a New Resource
PART IV: RECENT INNOVATIVE PROCESSES IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
Chapter 14-Farm Animal Breeding: The Implications of Existing and New Technologies
Joyce D’Silva and Peter Stevenson
Chapter 15-Animal Husbandry in Focus of Sustainability
András Nábrádi, Hajnalka Madai, and Nagy Adrián
Chapter 16-Effect of Urea Treated Sorghum Stover Supplemented with Local Protein Sources on the Performance of Sheep
Fithawi Mehari Gebremariam and Goitom Asghedom
Chapter 17- Evaluation of Spineless Cactus (Opuntia ficus-indicus) as an Alternative Feed and Water Source for Animals During Dry Season in Eritrea
Habteab S. Teklehaimanot and J. P. Tritschler
Chapter 18- Comparative Feeding Value of Halophyte as Alternative Animal Feed for Small Ruminants in Eritrea
Kal’ab N. Tesfa and Fithawi Mehari
Chapter 19- The Effect of Feeding Ensilages of Poultry Litter with Left Over Bread on the Body Weight of Barka Cattle
Tekeste Abraham and Goitom Asghedom
Shabbir A. Shahid, Mohamed Behnassi, and Joyce D’Silva
NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS